Apache Kafka consumer group example

May 26, 2021 16:00 Apache Kafka

Table of contents

Consumer groups are multithreaded or multi-machine Apache Kafka themes.

Consumer groups

  • Consumers can join group.id using the same information

  • The maximum parallelity of a group is the number of consumers in the group← not partition.

  • Kafka assigns partitions of a topic to consumers in a group so that each partition is used by only one consumer in the group.

  • Kafka guarantees that messages can only be read by one consumer in the group.

  • Consumers can view messages in the order in which they are stored in the log.

Rebalance consumers

Adding more processes/threads will cause Kafka to rebalance. /b10> If any consumer or agent is unable to send a heartbeat to ZooKeeper, it can be reconfigured through the Kafka cluster. /b11> During this rebalancing, Kafka allocates available partitions to available threads, possibly moving partitions to another process.

import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.Arrays;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecords;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecord;

public class ConsumerGroup {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      if(args.length < 2){
         System.out.println("Usage: consumer <topic> <groupname>");
      String topic = args[0].toString();
      String group = args[1].toString();
      Properties props = new Properties();
      props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
      props.put("group.id", group);
      props.put("enable.auto.commit", "true");
      props.put("auto.commit.interval.ms", "1000");
      props.put("session.timeout.ms", "30000");
      KafkaConsumer<String, String> consumer = new KafkaConsumer<String, String>(props);
      System.out.println("Subscribed to topic " &plus; topic);
      int i = 0;
      while (true) {
         ConsumerRecords<String, String> records = con-sumer.poll(100);
            for (ConsumerRecord<String, String> record : records)
               System.out.printf("offset = %d, key = %s, value = %s\n", 
               record.offset(), record.key(), record.value());

The configuration settings for the Consumer client API master configuration settings are shown below

S.No Settings and instructions
1 The list of boot agents.
2 group.id
Assign a single consumer to a group.
3 enable.auto.commit
If the value is true, auto-implementation is enabled for offsets, otherwise no commits are made.
4 auto.commit.interval.ms
Returns how often the updated consumption offset is written to ZooKeeper.
5 session.timeout.ms
Represents how many milliseconds Kafka waits for ZooKeeper to respond to a request (read or write) before discarding and continuing to consume messages.


javac -cp “/path/to/kafka/kafka_2.11-*" ConsumerGroup.java


>>java -cp “/path/to/kafka/kafka_2.11-*":. 
ConsumerGroup <topic-name> my-group
>>java -cp "/home/bala/Workspace/kafka/kafka_2.11-*":. 
ConsumerGroup <topic-name> my-group

Here, we create a sample group name of my-group for two consumers. /b10> Similarly, you can create your group and the number of consumers in the group.


Open the producer CLI and send some messages -

Test consumer group 01
Test consumer group 02

The output of the first procedure

Subscribed to topic Hello-kafka
offset = 3, key = null, value = Test consumer group 01

The output of the second procedure

Subscribed to topic Hello-kafka
offset = 3, key = null, value = Test consumer group 02

I hope you can learn about SimpleConsumer and Consumer Group by using the Java client demo.

Now you know how to use the Java client to send and receive messages. /b10> Let's continue Kafka's integration with big data technology in the next chapter.