May 30, 2021 Article blog
Computer science (computer science, sometimes abbreviated as CS) is the theoretical basis for systematic research on information and computation and how they are implemented and applied in computer systems. I t is often described as a systematic study of the algorithmic processing that creates, describes, and transforms information. C omputer science contains many branches; S ome emphasize the calculation of specific results, such as computer graphics; S ome are to explore the nature of computational problems, such as computational complexity theory; There are also areas focused on how to implement computing, such as programming language theory is the study of the method of describing computing, while programming is the application of specific programming languages to solve specific computing problems, human-computer interaction is focused on how to make computers and computing become useful, useful, and anytime, anywhere for human use.
The theoretical part of computer science existed before the first digital computer appeared. C omputer science is rooted in electronic engineering, mathematics and linguistics, and is the crystallization of science, engineering and art. It emerged as an independent discipline in the last three decades of the 20th century and developed its own methods and terminology.
So who are the big guys in computer science? Take stock with the programming lion
Ali Aidar is a computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur. H e is ceo of Sporcle. H e is best known as an early employee of Napster and a key technology contributor. Aydar bought Fanning's first book on programming for C, the language he used to build Napster file-sharing software two years later.
Alan Turing (June 23, 1912-June 7, 1954) was an English mathematician and computer scientist who formalized the concepts of algorithms and computing. T uring is widely regarded as the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence. He invented the famous Turing machine in 1936, which is considered a model of a universal computer.
Anita Borg (January 17, 1949-April 6, 2003) is an American computer scientist. S he founded the Institute of Women and Technology (now the Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology). During her time at Digital Equipment, she developed a method and patented a method for generating complete address tracking information that can be used to analyze and design high-speed storage systems.
Alfred Ahok (born August 9, 1941) is a Canadian computer scientist known for his work in programming languages, compilers and related algorithms, as well as textbooks on the art and science of computer programming. Ahok holds a bachelor's degree in engineering physics from the University of Toronto.
Benya Strustrup (born December 30, 1950) was a Danish computer scientist best known for creating and developing the widely used language of programming for C. He is a distinguished professor of research and head of the Computer Science Department of the Faculty of Engineering.
Bill Gates (born October 28, 1955) was an American business tycoon, philanthropist, investor, computer programmer and inventor. Gates is a former chief executive and chairman of Microsoft, the world's largest personal computer software company, which he co-founded with Paul Allen.
Bruce Arden (born 1927 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) was an American computer scientist. He graduated from Purdue University with a Bachelor of Science (EE) degree in 1949 and began his computer career in 1950 with the wiring and programming of IBM Hybrid (Mechanical and Electronic) card programming computers/calculators at General Motors Allison.
Barry Bohm (born 1935) is a well-known professor of software engineering, computer science, industry and systems engineering in the United States, and a professor of software engineering at TRW. He is known for his many contributions to software engineering.
Bert Poss (born 10 November 1963 in The Hague, Netherlands) is a computer scientist. H e studied mathematics at the University of Groningen and wrote a Ph.D. thesis on rapid user interface development in the scripting language Gist. In 1996, he joined the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to study Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
Brian Cantry (born 1973) is an American software engineer who worked for Sun Microsystems and later Oracle Corporation, which acquired Oracle. C antrill is on the TR35 list for its DTrace development, a feature of OS Solaris 10 that provides a non-intrusive means of real-time tracking and diagnostic software. He is currently joyent's Chief Technology Officer.
Charles Babbage F RS (26 December 1791 - 18 October 1871) is a british all-rounder. He was a mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer known for proposing the concept of programmable computers.
Dennis Ritchie (September 9, 1941-October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist. H e created the C programming language and, along with longtime colleague Ken Thompson, created the Unix operating system. Ritchie and Thompson received the Turing Award from the ACM in 1983.
David Brown is an American computer scientist. H e was part of a team that helped develop the system at Stanford University, then founded Sun Microsystems and later Silicon Graphics in 1982. He defines the application binary interface for Solaris, Sun's main system software product.
Edgar Coad (August 19, 1923-April 18, 2003) was a British computer scientist who, while working at IBM, invented the relational model of database management, which is the theoretical basis for relational databases. He made other valuable contributions to computer science.
Francis Allen (born August 4, 1932) is an American computer scientist and pioneer in optimizing compilers. H er achievements include pioneering work in compiler, code optimization, and parallelization. She also played a role in the intelligence work of programming languages.
Gordon Bell (born August 19, 1934) is an Electrical Engineer and Manager in the United States. Bell was an early employee of Digital Equipment (DEC) from 1960 to 1966, designing several PDP machines and later becoming Vice President of Engineering from 1972-1983, overseeing the development of VAX.
Gregory Chaitin (born 15 November 1947 in Argentina) was an Argentine-American mathematician and computer scientist. Since the late 1960s, Chaitin has contributed to algorithmic information theory and metascientism, especially computer theoretical results equivalent to Godel's incomplete theorem.
James Gosling O C (born May 19, 1955) is a Canadian computer scientist best known as the father of the Java programming language. Gosling received a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science from the University of Calgary in 1977.
John Bacchus (December 3, 1924-March 17, 2007) was an American computer scientist. His team invented the first highly used advanced programming language (FORTRAN) and was the inventor of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), which is widely used to define formal language grammar.
John Crowcroft (born 23 November 1957) is Professor of Communication Systems at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory. P rofessor Jon Crowcroft is known for his many significant contributions to the development of the Internet. His work on satellite link interconnection technology in the 1980s paved the way for rural broadband.
Larry Page (born March 26, 1973) is an American business tycoon and computer scientist who, along with Sergey Brin, is a co-founder of Google. O n April 4, 2011, Page replaced Eric Schmidt as Google CEO. A s of 2014, Page's personal fortune was estimated at $32. 3 billion, ranking 19th on the Forbes rich list.
Larry Wall (born September 27, 1954) was a computer programmer and writer, best known for the Perl programming language and the founder of Camelia, the agile spokesperson for Perl 6. Before starting higher education at Seattle Pacific University in 1976.
Linus Tovarz (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish American software engineer known for the design and development of linux cores. Together with Shinya Yamanaka, he received the 2012 Millennium Technology Award from the Finnish Institute of Technology for creating a new open source operating system for computers that led to the widespread use of Linux cores.
Luis von Ahn (born 1979) is an entrepreneur in Guatemala and an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. H e was one of the pioneers of crowdsourcing. He is the founder of reCAPTCHA, which was acquired by Google in 2009 and is co-founder and CEO of Duolingo, a popular language learning platform.
Luca Cadley F RS is an Italian computer scientist and assistant director of the Microsoft Research Institute in Cambridge, UK. C ardelli is known for his research on type theory and operational semantics. Among other contributions, he helped design Modula-3 and implemented the first compiler for the (nonpure) functional programming language ML.
Michael Dale (born February 23, 1965) is an American business tycoon, investor, philanthropist and writer. He is known as the founder and CEO of Dell, one of the world's leading sellers of personal computers (PCs).
Michael Detuzos (November 5, 1936-August 27, 2001) was a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science Laboratory (LCS) from 1974 to 2001. D uring Detuzos's tenure, LCS innovated in various fields. including RSA encryption, spreadsheets, NuBus, X Window systems, and the Internet.
Maurice Vincent Wilkes (26 June 1913 - 29 November 2010) was a British computer scientist who made some important progress in computing. A t the time of Wilkes' death, he was an emeritus professor at Cambridge University. He won many honors.
Nelo Christiani (born 1968) is a professor of artificial intelligence at the University of Bristol and has been awarded the Wolfson Prize for Excellence in Research by the Royal Society. H e has contributed to research in various fields such as machine learning, artificial intelligence and bioinformatics. Specifically, his work focuses on the statistical analysis of learning algorithms.
Philip Don Estridge (June 23, 1937-August 2, 1985), known as Don Estridge, led the development of the original IBM Personal Computer (PC) and was therefore known as the "Father of IBM PC." His decision dramatically changed the computer industry, leading to a significant increase in the number of personal computers bought and sold.
Philip (25 November 1739 in Schaenhausen to 2 May 1790 in Echtingen) was a German priest and inventor. Around 1763, he invented a precise sundial, or sundial, that contained corrections to the mean time difference.
Per Bronch Hansen (November 13, 1938-July 31, 2007) was a Danish-American computer scientist known for his concurrent programming theory. In 1970, inspired by Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard's programming language Simula 67, his research in computer science focused on concurrent programming, and he invented the display concept in 1972.
Rasmus Lerdorf (born November 22, 1968) is a Greenlandese programmer with Canadian citizenship. He created the PHP scripting language, created the first two versions of the language, and participated in the development of later versions led by a group of developers, including Jim Winstead.
Richard Stallman (born March 16, 1953) is an American software liberal and computer programmer. He is known for launching the GNU project, establishing the Free Software Foundation, developing the GNU Compiler Collection and GNU Emacs, and writing the GNU General Public License.
Robert Boyer is a retired professor of computer science, mathematics and philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin. H e and J Strother Moore invented the Boyer-Moore string search algorithm in 1977, which is a particularly efficient string search algorithm. He and Moore also collaborated on Boyer-Moore auto theorem proverator Nqthm in 1992.
Robert Bob Kahn (born December 23, 1938) was an American engineer known as one of the "fathers of the Internet" and shared the title with The American Internet pioneer Vint Cerf. I n December 1997, Kahn and Cerf were awarded the U.S. National Medal of Technology for establishing and developing the Internet. K ahn is a co-inventor of the TCP/IP protocol, the most important communication protocol on the Internet. He is responsible for initiating DARPA's Internet program.
In 2004, Kahn was awarded the prestigious ACM Allen B. M . Turing Award. In 2005, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States.
Sabir Bhatia was born in Chandigarh on December 30, 1968. H e grew up in Bangalore and received early education at Bishop's School in Pune and St Joseph's Boys High School in Bangalore. Sabeer Bhatia is an American Indian entrepreneur who founded Hotmail's email service and Jaxt.
Sergey Brin (born August 21, 1973) is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur who co-founded Google with Larry Page, one of the most profitable Internet companies. A s of June 2014, his personal wealth was estimated at $30 billion. Brin and Page jointly own about 16% of the company.
Sergey Abiteble is a computer scientist working in the fields of data management, database theory and finite model theory. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the French National Institute of Information and Automation (INRIA), which focuses on computer science and related fields, and is a professor at the French Academy.
Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computer, is known as an American inventor who led the microcomputer revolution in the 1970s and 1980s. Jobs and his partner, Steve Wozniak, were born in San Francisco, California, in 1976, laying the foundation for Apple Computer.
Under Steve's leadership, Apple has launched a range of revolutionary products, such as the iPhone, iPod and iPad, that make a significant contribution to modern technology. S teve, also known as the architect of Macintosh, is a popular operating system that facilitates the mass production of computers with GUI. Steve died in 2011 after a long battle with pancreatic cancer.
Tim Berners Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as "TimBL", was a British computer scientist and, most famously, the inventor of the World Wide Web. Berners Lee is the head of the World Wide Web Alliance (W3C), which oversees the continued development of the Web.
Vint Cerf, born June 23, 1943), is a pioneer of the American Internet and is recognized as one of the "fathers of the Internet" and shares the title with American engineer Bob Kahn. H is contribution has been recognized and praised many times. He helped develop the first commercial e-mail system (MCI Mail) connected to the Internet.
These are the big guys in computer science that w3cschool has compiled for you.