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HTML5 <a> tag


May 03, 2021 13:10 HTML5


Table of contents


The main purpose of HTML5 and lt;a-gt; tags is to be used for hyperlinks, which can be linked to other pages or to other files locally, and you can get to know the labels in this example below.

Link to the W3Cschool tutorial :

< a href = "http://www.w3cschool.cn" " and visit the W3Cschool tutorial! " </ a >

Try it out . . .
(See bottom of page for more examples)

Browser support

HTML5 <a> tag HTML5 <a> tag HTML5 <a> tag HTML5 <a> tag HTML5 <a> tag

All major browsers support the hashtag.


Label definition and instructions for use

Labels define hyperlinks that are used to link from one page to another.

The most important property of an element is the href property, which specifies the target of the link.

In all browsers, the default appearance of the link is as follows:

  • Unintected links are underlined and blue
  • The links that have been accessed are underlined and purple
  • The active link is underlined and red

Tips and comments

Tip: If you don't use the href property, you can't use the hreflang, media, rel, target, and type properties.

Tip: Linked pages are usually displayed in the current browser window unless additional targeting is specified.

Tip: Use CSS to change the style of the link.


The difference between HTML 4.01 and HTML5

In HTML 4.01, a label can be neither a hyperlink nor an anchor. In HTML5, the label is a hyperlink, but if there is no href property, it is only a placeholder for the hyperlink.

HTML5 has some new properties and no longer supports some HTML 4.01 properties.


Property

New: The new property in HTML5.

Property Value Describe
charset char_encoding HTML5 is not supported. Specifies the character encoding of the target URL.
coords coordinates HTML5 is not supported. Specifies the coordinates of the link.
download New filename Specify the download link
Href Url Specify the target URL of the link.
hreflang language_code Specifies the base language of the target URL. Use only when the href property exists.
media New media_query Specifies the media type of the target URL. D efault: all. Use only when the href property exists.
name section_name HTML5 is not supported. Specify the name of the anchor.
rel alternate
author
bookmark
help
license
next
nofollow
noreferrer
prefetch
prev
search
tag
Describes the relationship between the current document and the target URL. Use only when the href property exists.
rev text HTML5 is not supported. Specify the relationship between the target URL and the current document.
shape default
rect
circle
poly
HTML5 is not supported. Specifies the shape of the link.
target _blank
_parent
_self
_top
framename
Specify where to open the destination URL. Use only when the href property exists.
type New MIME_type Specifies the type of MIME for the target URL. U se only when the href property exists.
Note: MIME - Multipurpose Internet Extension Mails.

Global properties

Labels support the global properties of HTML.


The event property

The tag supports the event properties of HTML.


HTML5 <a> tag

Try it - instance

Create a hyperlink
This example shows how to create a link in an HTML document.

Use the image as a link
This example shows how to use an image as a link.

Open the link in a new browser window
This example shows how to open a page in a new window so that visitors don't have to leave your site.

Create an e-mail link
This example shows how to link to a message. ( This example does not work until the mail client program is installed.)

Create an e-mail link 2
This example demonstrates more complex mail links.

Use anchors to jump to different locations on the same page
This example shows how to use the anchor's id property to jump to a different location on the page (HTML5 does not support the name property).


Related articles

HTML tutorial: HTML links

HTML DOM Reference Manual: Anchor Object