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Common back-end development languages

May 29, 2021 Article blog

Table of contents

This article, W3Cschool, is an introduction to five common back-end development languages.

The language of C/C?

The C language was originally used for system development, especially the programs that make up the operating system. B ecause the code produced by the C language runs almost as fast as the code written in the assembly language, the C language is used as the system development language. T oday, the C language is the most widely used system programming language. Most advanced software is implemented in C language.

It is the inheritance of the C language, which is a very widely used computer programming language, and as a common, multi-paradigm programming language that supports static data type checking, it can support a variety of programming styles such as procedural programming, data abstraction, object-oriented programming, generic programming, and principle-based design. T he programming field of C+ is widely used in system development, engine development and other applications, by the vast number of programmers love. Not only does it have the practical characteristics of efficient computer operation, but it also strives to improve the programming quality of large-scale programs and the problem description ability of programming language.

Related tutorials: C tutorials, C-tutorials


Java is an object-oriented programming language that can compose cross-platform applications. It ranges from Java SE (Java Platform, Standard Edition) that develops desktop applications to Java EE (Java Platform, Enterprise Edition) that develops web applications, and Java ME (Java Platform, Micro Edition) that develops mobile apps and embedded

For now, Java is still the most popular back-end development language for most enterprises, but Java development is difficult and quantitative, so it's suitable for large enterprise projects.

Related tutorials: Java tutorial, Java Engineer Foundation tutorial


PHP is a powerful server-side scripting language for creating dynamic interactive sites. T he PHP language is free and open source, and because of this feature, PHP's biggest advantage is its low learning threshold. I t can basically be executed anywhere, hosted and very simple. W ikipedia uses PHP, so it's clear that it's possible to use PHP to create large, available websites. PHP is suitable for lightweight project development on personal websites, corporate websites, etc.

Related tutorials: PHP tutorials, PHP micro-lessons


Python is an object-oriented, explanatory computer programming language. I t is purely free software, source code and interpreter CPython follows the GPL (GNU General Public License) protocol. P ython syntax is simple and clear, and one of the features is the forced indentation of statements with a white space. P ython has a rich and powerful library. O ften nicknamed the glue language, it makes it easy to connect modules made in other languages, especially C/C. A common application scenario is to use Python to quickly build a prototype of a program (and sometimes even the final interface of a program) and then rewrite the parts that have special requirements in a more appropriate language, such as graphics rendering modules in 3D games, where performance requirements are particularly high and can be rewritten in C/C, and then encapsulated as an extension class library that Python can call. It is important to note that you may need to consider platform issues when you use extended class libraries, some of which may not provide cross-platform implementations.

Related tutorials: Python2 tutorial, Python3 tutorial


The Go language, Google's second open source programming language, released in 2009, is optimized for programming multiprocessor system applications, a system language that is very useful and powerful, with programs that match the speed of C or C?code, and are more secure and support parallel processes.

Go supports object orientation and has features such as true closures and reflections. It reduces the complexity of your code without compromising application performance.

Related tutorials: Go tutorials, Go web programming


Node .js is JavaScript running on the service side. It is a platform based on the Chrome JavaScript runtime.

For front-end programmers who don't use dynamic programming languages such as Python, PHP, and Java, it's wise to choose node .js as a tool to create their own services. N ode .js is JavaScript running on the service side, so familiarizing yourself with Javascript will help you learn .js node. At the same time, learning the Node .js tutorial can help back-end programmers deploy some high-performance services.

Related tutorials: Node.js tutorial, Node Getting Started

These are the five languages commonly used in back-end development that are summarized in small compilations. For more back-end language learning follow

Recommended courses: Getting Started with Java Programming Development, Java Web, Getting Started with Java